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Last updated: 2023-01-19
How to add more roles in Spring Security
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After adding Spring Security to our application, we may want to use additional roles besides
ROLE_USER. What are the steps we need to take to make this happen?
In our implementation of the
UserDetailsService, when an authentication attempt is made, the user is loaded from the database and provided as a Spring Security
User object. Our object is at first populated as follows.
Adjusting our HttpUserDetailsService or JwtUserDetailsService
This always assigns a single, fixed role to the user. If, for example, we want to read all roles from the database, we could use the following logic instead.
Reading and assigning more roles to our user
With this change our user already possesses his new roles. If we protect our Spring Boot app with annotations, we can simply add
@PreAuthorize("hasRole('" + ROLE_ADMIN + "')") to our endpoints. For a configuration-based definition, we instead customize
JwtSecurityConfig to our needs.
Requiring the ADMIN role for /backend/**
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